高中英语: 高一 高二 高三 高考 

高中 英语

The building  (built) now is our future classroom.
阅读理解

    “We haven't found anything that we can't recycle!”

    Cigarette ends are everywhere—littering our streets and beaches—and for decades they've been thought of as“unrecyclable”. But a New Jerseybased company, called TerraCycle, has taken on the challenge, and has come up with a way to recycle millions of cigarette ends and turn them into industrial plastic products. Its aim is to recycle things that people normally consider impossible to reuse.

    Obviously it would be even better for the environment if everyone just stopped smoking, but the statistics show that although there has been an increase in anti-smoking ads and messaging, between 2000 and 2014, global sales of cigarettes increased by 8 percent, and a whole lot of those cigarette ends are ending up as trash. Since most of our litter eventually ends up in waterways, cigarette ends can surely pollute the surrounding environment. “It only takes a single cigarette end to pollute a liter of water, ” TerraCycle founder, Tom Szaky, said. “Animals can also mistake littered cigarette ends for food.”

    So how do you go about turning all those poisonous ends into something useful? TerraCycle does this by first breaking them down into separate parts. They mix the remaining materials, such as the tobacco and the paper, with other kinds of rubbish; and use it on non-agricultural land, such as golf courses. The filters (过滤嘴) are a little harder. To recycle these, TerraCycle first makes them clean and cuts them into small pieces, and then combines them with other recycled materials, making them into liquid for industrial plastic products.

    They're now also expanding their recycling offerings to the rest of the 80 percent of household waste that currently can't be recycled, such as chocolate packaging, pens, and mobile phones. The goal is to use the latest research to find a way to stop so much waste ending up in landfill (垃圾填埋), and then get companies to provide money for the process. And so far, it's working.

    “We haven't found anything that we can't recycle,”communications director of Terra Cycle, Albe Zakes, said. “But with the amount and variety of packaging and litter in the world, we are always looking for new waste streams to address.”

  1. (1) What does Terra Cycle intend to do?
    A . To search for recyclable materials for use. B . To recycle what used to be considered unrecyclable. C . To produce new kinds of industrial plastic products. D . To deal with as many cigarette ends as possible.
  2. (2) The underlined word “trash” in Paragraph 2 probably means ________.
    A . poison B . rubbish C . disaster D . ruin
  3. (3) What does Paragraph 4 mainly talk about?
    A . The effective use of cigarette ends. B . The reason for breaking down cigarette ends. C . The difficulty in recycling cigarette ends. D . The process of recycling cigarette ends.
  4. (4) What Albe said in the last paragraph implies that ________.
    A . TerraCycle is trying to meet the challenge of new waste B . it is difficult for TerraCycle to recycle everything C . there is more and more waste to be recycled D . TerraCycle has successfully recycled a large amount of waste
阅读理解

    If you have a chance to go to Finland, you will probably be surprised to find how “foolish” the Finnish people are.

    Take the taxi drivers for example. Taxis in Finland are mostly high-class Benz with a fare of two US dollars a kilometer. You can go anywhere in one, tell the driver to drop you at any place, say that you have some business to attend to, and then walk off without paying your fare. The driver would not show the least sign of anxiety.

    The dining rooms in all big hotels not only serve their guests, but also serve outside diners. Hotel guests have their meals free, so they naturally go to the free dining rooms to have their meals. The most they would do to show their good faith is to wave their registration card to the waiter. With such a loose check, you can easily use any old registration card to take a couple of friends to dine free of charge.

    The Finnish workers are paid by the hour. They are very much on their own as soon as they have agreed with the boss on the pay. From then on, they just say how many hours they have worked and they will be paid accordingly.

    With so many loopholes (漏洞) in everyday life, surely Finland must be a heaven to those who love to take “petty advantages”. But the strange thing is, all the taxi passengers would always come back to pay their fare after they have attended to their business; not a single outsider has ever been found in the free hotel dining rooms. And workers always give an honest account of the exact hours they put in. As the Finns always act on good faith in everything they do, living in such a society has turned everyone into a real “gentleman”.

    In a society of such high moral practice, what need is there for people to be on guard against others?

  1. (1) While taking a taxi in Finland, ________.
    A . a passenger can go anywhere without having to pay the driver B . a passenger pays two US dollars for a taxi ride C . a passenger can never be turned down by the taxi driver wherever he wants to go D . a passenger needs to provide good faith demonstration before leaving without paying
  2. (2) We know from the passage that big hotels in Finland ________.
    A . are mostly poorly managed B . provide meals for any diners C . provide free wine and charge for food D . provide meals for only those who live in the hotels
  3. (3) Which of the following is NOT true about the workers and the bosses in Finland?
    A . The workers in Finland are paid by the hour. B . The workers are always honest with their working hours. C . The workers and their bosses will make an agreement in advance about the pay. D . The bosses in Finland are too busy to check the working hours of their employees.
  4. (4) The word “those” in the last but one paragraph probably refers to ________.
    A . people who are dishonest B . people who often have meals in big hotels C . people who often take taxis D . people who are worthy of trust
阅读理解

    Motion pictures are so much a part of our lives that it's hard to imagine a world without them. We enjoy them in theatres, at home, in offices, in cars and buses, and on airplanes.

    For about 100 years, people have been trying to understand why this medium has so attracted us. Films communicate information and ideas, and they show us places and ways of life we might not otherwise know. Important as the benefits are, though, something more is at stake. Films offer us ways of seeing and feeling that we find deeply satisfying. They take us through experiences. The experiences are often driven by stories, with characters we come to care about, but a film might also develop an idea or explore visual qualities or sound textures. A film takes us on a journey, offering a patterned experience that engages our minds and emotions.

    Films are designed to have effects on viewers. Late in the 19th century, moving pictures emerged as a public amusement. They succeeded because they spoke to the imaginative needs of a broad-based audience. All the traditions that emerged- telling fictional stories, recording actual events, animating objects or pictures, experimenting with pure form-aimed to give viewers experiences they couldn't get from other media. The men and women who made films discovered that they could control aspects of cinema to give their audience richer, more engaging experiences. Learning from one another, expanding and refining the options available, filmmakers developed skills that became the basis of film as an art form.

    The popular origins of cinema suggest that some common ways of talking won't help us much in understanding film. Take the distinction between art and entertainment. Some people would say that blockbusters(大片) playing at the multiplex are merely “entertainment”, whereas films for a narrower public-perhaps independent films for festival fare, or specialized experimental works-are true art. Usually the art / entertainment split carries a not-so-hidden value judgment: art is high-brow, whereas entertainment is superficial. Yet things aren't that simple. As we just indicated, many of the artistic resources of cinema were discovered by filmmakers working for the general public. During the 1910s and 1920s, for instance, many films that aimed only to be entertaining opened up new possibilities for film editing. As for the matter of value, it's clear that popular traditions can promote art of high quality. Cinema is an art because it offers filmmakers ways to design experiences for viewers, and those experiences can be valuable.

    Sometimes, too, people treat film art as opposed to film as a business. This split is related to the issue of entertainment, since entertainment generally is sold to a mass audience. Again, however, in most modern societies, no art floats free of economic ties. Novels good, bad, or indifferent are published because publishers expect to sell them. Painters hope that collectors and museums will acquire their work. True, some artworks are funded through taxes or private donations, but that process, too, involves the artist in a financial transaction(交易). Films are no different. Others are funded by patronage or public moneys. Even if you decide to make your own digital movie, you face the problem of paying for it-and you may hope to earn a little extra for all your time and effort.

    The crucial point is that considerations of money don't necessarily make the artist any less creative or the project any less worthwhile. Money can corrupt any line of business (consider politics), but it doesn't have to. In Renaissance Italy, painters were commissioned by the Catholic church to illustrate events from the Bible. Michaelangelo and Lenonardo da Vinci worked for hire, but it would be hard to argue that it hurt their artistry.

    Here we won't assume that film art prevents entertainment. We won't take the opposite position either-claiming that only Hollywood mass-market movies are worth attention. Similarly, we don't think that film art rises above commercial demand, but we also won't assume that money rules everything. Any art form offers a vast range of creative possibilities. Our basic assumption is that as an art, film offers experiences that viewers find worthwhile.

  1. (1) Where should the sentence “It doesn't happen by accident.” be put in the passage?
    A . B . C . D .
  2. (2) Which of the following statements about film is TRUE?
    A . Hollywood films are usually far more appealing. B . Film offers a wide variety of creative possibilities. C . Films are made in the hope that consumers will pay to see them. D . When watching films, viewers feel controlled by film designers.
  3. (3) The writer uses the examples of Michaelangelo and Lenonardo da Vinci to ______.
    A . indicate that money is unlikely to corrupt artistry B . show that money doesn't necessarily destroy artistry C . prove that money cannot buy everything in the field of art D . suggest that money is an important concern even for famous artists
  4. (4) According to the writer, film should ______
    A . avoid concentrating on popular traditions B . focus on artistry rather than entertainment C . provide the audience with something worthwhile D . earn enough to pay for the developers' time and effort
  5. (5) Which of the following can be the proper title for the passage?
    A . Film: art or business B . Art or entertainment C . Film offers us experiences D . Money doesn't rule everything
语法填空

    Before the day  the graduation ceremony was held, I took the graduation gifts into (consider). Early in the morning, I went to the department store (select) a gift for my teachers and classmates.  (choose) carefully, I decided to buy some fancy cards for them.  modern means of communication were so popular that I  (feel) so sorry for the separation, I put  my sorrow and gratitude in every card. In my view,  is better than a card to express my current feeling. During the ceremony, we share our gifts and express our deep love. Separation is  great sorrow to everyone. In the end, my classmates and I sang the song titled "Auld Lang Syne", which is(suitable) song to say goodbye.

There is a(n) (基本的) difference between the two points of view.
We are waiting for (进一步的) (证实) of the result.
完形填空

    Learning experiences happen to us throughout our lives. Not long ago, I had one that I would like to 1.

    I was going to Marblehead with my sailboat team. The team was racing down the highway at 85 mph 2 we realized we were 3. Luckily, we saw a rest area ahead. I had a brand new $20 bill. I was so 4 because I had never had that kind of cash before. But spending it on5 seemed like throwing it away. We all rushed into the pizza line.6 I got a pizza and a drink, and walked to my table. About halfway through the meal, I 7 I had not actually handed any money to the cashier. I had just 8 out, and nobody had noticed. I felt terrible.

    My conscience(良心) opened its mouth and swallowed me in one big bite. I couldn't 9 over it. I just couldn't go back to the cashier and 10for my stolen pizza. I was so upset that I 11to give myself the pleasure of an ice cream in 12 that someone would say, "Hey, Jeff, why don't you use the change 13 the pizza instead of that nice, new $20 bill?" I was not so 14of my cash now.

    For the next two years, whenever I was 15 of the "pizza incident", I would say to myself, "Don't think about it...."

    I have learned two things from this 16. Maybe I was a fool for 17 in to my conscience, and being too stupid to appreciate a 18 pizza. But the real lesson is that even if you get away from what you have done, your conscience will 19 up with you.

    This reflects the saying, "A coward(懦夫) dies a thousand deaths; a hero dies one." I was a coward and have felt terrible about that incident at least a thousand times. If I had been a "20" and gone back to pay for the pizza, I would have felt a little uncomfortable about it only once, or maybe twice.

(1)
A . say B . talk C . share D . explain
(2)
A . as B . while C . then D . when
(3)
A . lost B . tired C . hungry D . anxious
(4)
A . excited B . eager C . satisfied D . encouraged
(5)
A . rest B . food C . travel D . drink
(6)
A . Luckily B . Finally C . Immediately D . Actually
(7)
A . thought B . recognized C . noticed D . realized
(8)
A . walked B . left C . worked D . found
(9)
A . look B . get C . turn D . think
(10)
A . ask B . pay C . apologize D . send
(11)
A . refused B . wanted C . hoped D . meant
(12)
A . hope B . surprise C . anger D . fear
(13)
A . into B . with C . for D . from
(14)
A . sure B . upset C . proud D . pleased
(15)
A . warned B . reminded C . thought D . told
(16)
A . experience B . experiment C . story D . mistake
(17)
A . turning B . taking C . handing D . giving
(18)
A . free B . cheap C . plain D . delicious
(19)
A . make B . wake C . catch D . put
(20)
A . coward B . fool C . loser D . hero
Scientists have come up with a theory for why time flies when you are having fun and       when you are bored.
A . stops B . falls C . fades D . drags
假定你是李华,最近在报纸上读到了高科技给老人带来不便的报道,感到有责任给予老人一定的帮助,请你给校英文报写一封倡议信,呼吁大家一起参与。内容包括:

1)倡议的原因;

2)如何提供帮助;

3)发出呼吁。

注意:

1)词数80 左右;

2)可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

Dear schoolmates,

Li Hua

We produce cheaper goods than our (竞争者)
What does the man mean?
A . Dr. Franklin's answer is not surprising. B . Dr. Franklin is not very understandable. C . He is sorry that Dr. Franklin denied the woman's request.
完形填空

We all have weaknesses and strengths-no matter who we are. Sometimes the weaknesses seem to outweigh the strengths and sometimes it's the other way 1.Some people get sick easily. Some struggle to 2 their finances properly. Some people are 3 communicators and struggle with relationships.

Many people accept it as just bad 4-but not everyone. Some people facing huge 5 still manage to achieve surprising things. They 6above their weaknesses and do not allow them to limit their possibilities.

I attended a school prize-giving ceremony not so long ago and the guest 7 was Andrew Becroft, who had a severe stutter (口吃) as a child. 8 allowing this to limit him, he chose to work hard to 9 it. He is now the Principal Youth Court Judge for New Zealand. 10 did he become successful, but he did so in a(n) 11 where he had to speak in front of others regularly-where his 12 is front and center for all to see. If he hadn't 13 his speaking ability, it would have been very 14 to his life and career prospects.

Here are some more 15: Brett Eastburn has no arms or legs and yet is an inspirational speaker and also a very good wrestler. Ringo Starr, drummer for the Beatles, 16 a very poor background. He was constantly troubled by illness as a child and 17 large amounts of time in hospital. Mark Inglis 18 both of his legs below the knees in a mountaineering accident, but has since climbed Mt Everest.

Most of us will 19 have to face the challenges these people faced. Yet most of us will never achieve 20 that these people have had either, unless we choose to. If Mark Inglis can climb the highest mountain in the world without legs, what can we do?

(1)
A . along B . around C . about D . apart
(2)
A . manage B . obtain C . share D . divide
(3)
A . silly B . forgetful C . impolite D . hopeless
(4)
A . impression B . character C . quality D . luck
(5)
A . conflicts B . debts C . limitations D . losses
(6)
A . rise B . behave C . operate D . escape
(7)
A . winner B . speaker C . organizer D . scholar
(8)
A . Regardless of B . Because of C . Instead of D . In spite of
(9)
A . avoid B . treat C . forget D . overcome
(10)
A . Not really B . Not nearly C . Not only D . Not until
(11)
A . atmosphere B . profession C . situation D . institute
(12)
A . weakness B . symptom C . strength D . disadvantage
(13)
A . put forward B . taken up C . made out D . worked on
(14)
A . frightening B . disappointing C . restricting D . threatening
(15)
A . examples B . incidents C . disabilities D . possibilities
(16)
A . resulted from B . came from C . heard from D . suffered from
(17)
A . wasted B . spent C . devoted D . afforded
(18)
A . lost B . injured C . destroyed D . broke
(19)
A . just B . still C . thus D . never
(20)
A . to the point B . in the least C . to the degree D . on the whole
阅读理解

"It's raining, it's pouring. The old man is snoring (打鼾). He bumped his head when he went to bed, and he couldn't get up in the morning." Why couldn't the old man in the children's song get up? (Let's kindly suppose that he just didn't want to get up.) This was possibly because in the absence of sunlight, the body was still producing the hormone melatonin (褪黑素), which makes people sleepy.

There are many ways that rainfall affects human behavior. But how much does rain really affect people's moods and behavior?

In 2008, researchers from the University of Minnesota and Lanzhou University published a paper. They proposed that decreased rainfall was influential in social upheaval (社会动荡) and the downfall of the Tang, Yuan and Ming dynasties in ancient China. This is thought to be related to reduced rice cultivation.

But how might rain affect social behavior in the modern world? A 2009 New York Times investigation found that murder rates in New York drop significantly on rainy days. Meanwhile, in Britain, Dr. Peter Langmead-Jones of Greater Manchester police published a study in 2015 detailing an analysis of 6. 6 million police records over one decade in Manchester. "The research showed that the heavier the rainfall, the lower the recorded crime," he said.

Langmead-Jones also found that there is a strong association between heavy rain and relatively few violent crimes recorded including domestic abuse. This might be because heavy rain stops people from going out to buy alcohol and the reduced alcohol consumption results in fewer crimes.

It's not all good news though. One study in 1997 concluded that the behavior of children can predict oncoming storms — they were observed to exhibit their worst behavior when barometric pressure (气压) fell. Another study in 2012 found that women are much more likely to be affected psychologically by rain and that they report much lower levels of life satisfaction than men on rainy days.

For all the complaints about rain, it does have some characteristics that hold broad appeal. The sound of raindrops can be very comforting and often features in sleep-inducing relaxation apps. The theory behind this is that the pitter-patter of raindrops is a form of "pink noise." It can decrease brain activity and consequently improves the quality of sleep. So if it's raining where you are, the best thing to do may be to have a nap.

  1. (1) The author uses the lyrics of a song in the first paragraph to _______.
    A . introduce the interesting song to readers B . voice his understanding of why the old man couldn't get up in the morning C . illustrate one way that wet weather influences human behavior D . explain why people often get up late on rainy days
  2. (2) According to Dr. Peter Langmead-Jones, relatively few crimes are recorded on rainy days because _______.
    A . people prefer to take a nap at home when it's raining B . most people are depressed on rainy days C . people are too lazy to go out when it's raining D . alcohol consumption is reduced due to wet weather
  3. (3) According to the article, the influences that rainy days have on human behavior include _______.

    ① decreased grain output

    ② relatively few criminal records

    ③ higher chance of feeling low in spirits

    ④ more possibility of feeling sleepy

    A . ①②③ B . ①②④ C . ①③④ D . ②③④
  4. (4) According to the last paragraph, what's the positive impact of rain on human behavior?
    A . The sound of raindrops helps people sleep better. B . On rainy days, all people can get more sleep. C . It offers a good chance to listen to relaxing music. D . People feel more satisfied with themselves when it's raining.
阅读理解

Charles Dickens was born in 1812 in England. His parents were John Dickens and Elizabeth Dickens. Charles was the second of their eight children. John Dickens was a clerk in a payroll office of the navy. John Dickens inspired the character of Mr. Micawber in David Copperfield. Elizabeth Dickens inspired the characters of Mrs. Nickleby in Nicholas Nickleby and Mrs. Micawber in David Copperfield.

Finances were a constant concern for the family. The costs of entertaining along with the expenses of having a large family were too much for John's salary. When Charles was just four months old, the family moved to a smaller home to cut costs.

From a very young age, Charles dreamed of becoming a gentleman. He wanted a formal education. His parents did have some limited funds put aside to send one of their children to a university. Mr. and Mrs. Dickens considered the talents and qualifications of all their children. They wanted to use the money earmarked (留出) for education where it would do the most good. It was as if they were placing all their bets on one child. Charles was not that child. His parents chose to send their daughter, Fanny, to school. She had a talent for music and was sent to an academy.

Then came the darkest hours in the life of Charles Dickens. When he was 12, it looked like his dreams would never come true. John Dickens was arrested and sent to the Marshalsea prison for failure to pay a debt. At that time the family sent Charles to work in Warren's Blacking Warehouse. It was a shoe polish factory. He earned six shillings a week. As a side note, while employed there Dickens met Bob Fagin. Charles later used the name in Oliver Twist.

Luckily, John Dickens came to an agreement with his creditors within months of his imprisonment. Shortly after that John Dickens ended his son's employment at the blacking factory. Charles Dickens won the disagreement and Charles was sent to Wellington House Academy instead.

  1. (1) Who was Charles Dickens' inspiration for the character of Mr. Micawber?
    A . His elder brother. B . His youngest brother. C . His father. D . His grandfather.
  2. (2) Why did the family move to a new home?
    A . John's salary couldn't cover the family's expense. B . Elizabeth Dickens changed a new job. C . John Dickens got rich overnight. D . The couple wanted their children to receive a good education.
  3. (3) What caused John Dickens to be arrested?
    A . Fighting with his workmate. B . Killing a person by accident. C . Abusing his children. D . Failing to pay a debt.
  4. (4) What is the text mainly about?
    A . The mother of Charles Dickens. B . The childhood of Charles Dickens. C . The contributions of Charles Dickens. D . The main works of Charles Dickens.
She felt (embarrass) when she was told that she had entered the wrong room.
I am mad when my wife insists on selling the house. I _______ she would decide that.
A . don't think B . haven't thought C . didn't think D . hadn't thought
阅读理解

A couple of weeks ago, my grandfather was explaining his favorite expression, "Nothing is ever easy." The following day, as I tried to complete my work, I happened to notice a big bee on the skylight. It was particularly high up, but I thought removing it would take no more than 5 minutes. An hour later, the bee still remained. All that had changed was that the living room was a mess and that I was dizzy from looking up into the sunlight. I didn't expect to waste an hour on an insect so tiny, but by doing so, I understood what my grandfather meant.

It is not only time that we tend to underestimate – we don't account for unexpected costs.

We often imagine what can work in our favor, but we seldom think of all the negative things that can affect us. However, it is important to remember that your day or week or year may not go as planned, and that is completely normal. It is perfectly acceptable to feel challenged – even at a task you thought was simple – because that is part of life.

If you accept that nothing will ever be easy, then life may seem slightly more manageable.

In middle school, I thought high school might be easier because I could choose the classes I wanted to take. In high school, I thought college might be easier because I could have a schedule best suited for myself. Yet each time, I was both wrong and disappointed. After accepting that school wouldn't be easy, I found myself with a more positive attitude and improved results.

Of course, there should be preparations made to account for expenses or time. Doing so can help you achieve your goals in a better way. However, there is no need to beat ourselves up when something stands in our path. Maybe we cannot see the bee coming our way, but we can always give ourselves extra time to catch it.

  1. (1) Why did the author mention his experience of removing a bee?
    A . To show the unexpected costs it caused. B . To share something unforgettable with us. C . To tell us how easy it is to waste our time. D . To lead us to what the author learned from it.
  2. (2) Why do things often turn out to be different from what we expect?
    A . Unexpected things can happen. B . It is quite easy to feel challenged. C . We don't often take time seriously. D . We haven't enough energy to control them.
  3. (3) Why does the author mention the bee once again in the end?
    A . To show how upsetting it is. B . To link back to the beginning. C . To warn us to catch it anyhow. D . To use it as a reminder of valuing time.
  4. (4) What is the author's purpose in writing this passage?
    A . To encourage us to make more efforts. B . To persuade us not to expect things to be easy. C . To explain how to make preparations for the bad. D . To tell us what to do when something gets in our way.
excite; excitement

Nothing seemed to surprise or him.

The news caused great among her friends.

某英文报社组织题为“我喜欢的英语谚语”征文活动,你有意参加。请从下面两句谚语中任选一句作为标题写一篇英语作文,内容须包括:1)该谚语的含义;2)体现该谚语含义的个人经历。

①A friend in need is a friend indeed.

②Where there's a will, there's a way.

注意:1.词数:120-150; 2.文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称。

参考词汇:谚语 proverb